You must be thinking what is the difference between a nuclear bomb and an atomic bomb? What is it that makes the former more powerful than the latter?
The world still remembers America’s attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. And now the latest buzz in world news in North Korea’s testing of a hydrogen bomb in the Pacific Ocean.
The Korean minister made it a point that if their leader wants they are ready to conduct an H-bomb test over the Pacific, perhaps at an unprecedented level!
North Korea is now ready to test their Hydrogen bombs or the thermonuclear bombs that are much more powerful than the atomic bombs which were used in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Atomic Bomb vs. Nuclear Bomb
Also known as Fission Bombs, the Atomic bombs work as the nucleus of an atom splits. They are devastating and the results were clear over Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
It starts when the neutrons, that is the neutral particles of an atom, split they hit the nuclei of the atoms nearby. Hence, they also split and a chain reaction is carried on resulting in a huge explosion.
According to the Union of Concerned Scientists, the bombs that were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki has exploded with a yield of 15 kilotons and 20 kilotons of TNT.
Compared to it, the first test of hydrogen bomb done by America in November 1952 had yielded an explosion of 10,000 kilotons of TNT. The fission reaction is almost same in the thermonuclear bombs too.
The difference is that in atomic bombs most of the uranium and plutonium is not used. While in a hydrogen bomb an additional step is taken that makes it possible for using most of the explosive power of the bomb.
The process inside a hydrogen bomb explosion starts with the compression of the sphere of the plutonium-239, it will then undergo fission.
The chamber of the hydrogen gas is inside this pit of plutonium-239. The hydrogen atoms fuse as the temperature and pressure inside does so. Neutrons are released due to this fusion process. Now, these feedbacks in the plutonium-239 and more atoms are split, thus boosting the fission chain reaction.
Now, these feedbacks in the plutonium-239 and more atoms are split, thus boosting the fission chain reaction.
Testing of hydrogen bomb
Since 1996, India, Pakistan and now Korea have conducted nuclear tests. There is a body around the world that keeps on monitoring on such nuclear test as after the test there are seismic waves that are similar to earthquake waves.
Everybody wants peace in the world and whether it is a nuclear bomb or atomic bomb, government around the world are trying to stop the use of them on one another.