Bad breath (halitosis) is an unpleasant odor coming from the mouth. Halitosis can occur on occasion (eating the food of bad odor such as onions and garlic), or it can be a chronic condition.
Having a bad breath is an embarrassing thing for many people. It’s also associated with many problems. Often, It may be a sign of other health problems and can result from bad dental health habits.
In many cases, it can be worse due to unhealthy lifestyle habits.
Bad breath affects 1 in 4 people all over the world. The most common cause of halitosis is bad oral hygiene.
Often, Bad breath in children has been due to a trapped subject in the nasal cavity.
Here are the causes and treatment of bad breath that will help you.
Causes of bad breath
1- Bad dental care
The bad dental care is a common reason for bad breath. When a person does not brush his teeth regularly, this causes the presence of bacteria and food particles in the mouth for long periods.
These bacteria build up and accumulate rotting food between teeth, which in turn causes a bad breath as well as gum diseases. So, you must improve your dental hygiene.
Also, Poor dental care lead to a buildup of plaque in the mouth, which causes the bad odor and periodontal (gum) disease too.
When plaque hardens (tartar), it holds bacteria that could irritate the gums and lead to gum disease (gingivitis). If this disease (gingivitis) is not treated, it can advance to periodontitis.
2- Bad food and remedies
There are Many medications make the halitosis worse, such as antihistamines, diuretics, triamterene (Dyrenium) and paraldehyde.
The bad remedies which you use without consulting your dentist can make the problem worse by drying out your mouth.
There are Some foods, such as spicy foods, onions, garlic, curry, fish, and acidic beverages (such as coffee) usually leave a bad smell.
Also, foods that get stuck in the teeth promote the growth of bacteria and dental plaques, which causes bad breath odor.
Furthermore, diets that have low carbohydrate value may also cause “ketone breath.” Due to burning fat, instead of carbohydrate, to get energy.
3- Alcohols and tobacco products
Drinking wine and alcohols make you suffer from halitosis.
Alcoholic products dry out the mouth, making it a suitable place for the bacteria that cause bad breath. Additionally, Acidic drinks like orange juice and dairy drinks like milk sometimes cause bad breath.
Smoking can easily leave chemicals that remain in the mouth. Consequently, heavy Smoking can precipitate other bad-breath causes and disorders such as gum disease or oral cancers.
Pregnant women usually experience hormonal changes, dehydration, and eating different foods due to cravings. These things may also contribute to bad breath during pregnancy.
So, Being pregnant in itself does not cause halitosis, but disorders (such as the nose, associated and hormonal changes) with pregnancy may cause bad breath
Most of the medications used for the treatment of allergies might cause dry mouth.
Additionally, post-nasal drip (it is a common allergy symptom) and Sinus congestion are a common cause of halitosis.
6- Dry mouth (xerostomia)
Dry mouth is one of the most common causes of the bad smell of the mouth.
In wet mouth, Saliva helps moisten and cleanse the mouth. In contrast, when the mouth does not produce enough saliva, bad breath may result.
Dry mouth is caused by salivary gland problems, medications, allergies, pregnancy, or breathing through the mouth.
The treatment of halitosis
The best treatment for bad breath is regular brushing, flossing, and hydration of the mouth
1- According to the Mayo Clinic
People who suffer from bad Breath may receive temporary relief from mouthwashes, Mints and rinsing the mouth with water may be more effective.
2- Keeping the mouth well-hydrated keeps it from drying out.
Simply, Keep the mouth moist by drinking water to stimulate the production of saliva.
3- Eat Foods that require a lot of chewing, such as apples or carrots, are good options. It stimulates salivary glands to produce more saliva.
– The American Dental Association recommends the following to keep your mouth healthy:
1-Brush your teeth well and regularly.
It is recommended to brush the tongue, too, to remove bacteria from its surface. Quit smoking, wine, and alcoholic products.
2- Treat the cause of the bad smell
If bad breath is due to a health problem such as diabetes, sinus infection, acid reflux, then you must deal with this medical issue to improve remove the bad odor from your mouth.
3- Stop taking medications
If bad breath is a side effect of taking these medications.
Ask the healthcare professional whether there are other alternatives to medication that can be taken. First of all, Never stop taking a medication without consulting your healthcare professional.
Millions of people have bad breath because they suffer from sinus problems. so, Nasal-Sinus drops and the
Aktivoxigen tablets can cure the bad breath.
5- Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS)
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate has been proven to relieve sores which also create a bad odor. It is found in toothpaste and mouthwash.
6- Healthy Diet
Avoid foods which produce bad odor such as onions, garlic, and spicy food. Sugary foods are also linked to bad smell of the mouth. Also, Reduce coffee and alcohol consumption.
If breath odor persists in spite of the previous items, it is recommended to visit a doctor for further tests to rule out other conditions. The dentist may recommend a toothpaste with an antibacterial agent or an antibacterial mouthwash.
In the case of gum disease, professional cleaning is very important to clear out the build-up of bacteria in pockets between the gums and teeth.