Every country in this world is worried about the increasing global temperature and as result to it is the Paris climate agreement.
The efforts had started a few years back and it was in December 2015 when 195 countries agreed to work together in this regard. It is considered as a landmark agreement and it was signed at Paris, the capital of France.
This agreement which is considered to be the turning point in the global climate policy came into force on 4th November 2016. During June 2017, among the 195 countries, 145 have ratified it.
The agreement plan out the global action plan by different countries so that the global warming level can be kept well below 2°C. The target is 2°C as beyond that there is a risk of change in weather patterns, rise of sea level, water and food crisis and a hostile world for the generations to come.
The Paris Agreement is a bridge between today’s policies and climate-neutrality before the end of the century.
The key elements of the agreement
While discussing this agreement the countries have agreed that the topmost need in order to control global warming is reducing emissions.
Different Government have agreed that
- Set a long-term goal that will keep the global temperature rise below 2°C.
- They have also aimed to limit this increase to 1.5°C as this temperature rise would minimize the risks and the impact on global climate change.
- To reduce the global emissions, especially the developing countries are worried as it will take them a long time to reduce emissions.
The participating countries have been working on this and during the Paris Conference, they have submitted their national climate action plans.
It is true that although all this is set, there are no discussions on what punishment will be there for countries who will not be abiding the rules.
The governments have discussed to be transparent about the overall policies that they will be adapting in their countries. In order to keep this agreement effective for years to come, they will meet every 5 years and discuss on targets that may be required considering the situation during that period.
Actually, the main culture of this agreement is to ensure that every country is accountable for the climate change and do their part of job voluntarily. The developed countries are expected to help the underdeveloped and the developing countries aiming that we all can leave a better place to live for our generations to come.