Nosebleeds are very common problems that may be scary. Nosebleeds are common in adults and children between the ages of 3 and 10. There are many blood vessels located close to the surface in the back and front of the nose. These vessels are very fragile and bleed easily.
It is important to know that, the most common causes of nosebleeds are drying of the nasal membranes and trauma caused by the digits. Anyone can prevent these two causes with proper lubrication of the nasal passages and stop picking the nose.
Causes of nosebleeds
As the nose is very vulnerable part of the face, There are many causes of nosebleeds. It is more common in dry climates, or during the winter months when the air is dry and warm. This dryness causes crusting inside the nose. Crusting may cause itching or irritation of the nose.
1- antihistamines and decongestants for allergies, colds, or sinus problems can also dry out the membranes within the nose causing nosebleeds
2- picking the nose, Infection and large doses of aspirin
3- Trauma, allergic reaction as well as chemical irritants
4- Hypertension (high blood pressure in nasal blood vessels)
5- blood thinning medications
6- Hormonal changes during pregnancy might increase the risk of nosebleeds
7- A bleeding disorders and rarely cancer
8- Also, changes in humidity or temperature.
How to stop the nosebleeds?
Most nosebleeds are not dangerous and often do not require medical attention. However, it is a must to see a doctor if the nosebleed lasts longer than 20 minutes or occurs after an injury.
1- Avoid picking your nose and humidify the air in your house to keep the fresh air moist.
2- Limit your intake of aspirin, antihistamines, and decongestants, which can thin your blood or dry the nose out and contribute to nosebleeds.
3- If you have a nosebleed, Leaning back or tilting the relative head back allows the blood to run back into the sinuses and throat, and can cause banning or even inhaling of blood.
4- Continuously, Spit out any blood that may collect in your throat and mouth. It might cause vomiting, nausea or diarrhea if swallowed.
5-Warmly, remove any blood clots out of your nose. The nosebleed might worsen slightly when you do this, but this is expected. This is better for your case.
6- Sit quietly, resting with head elevated at 30 to 45 degrees. Keep the relative head higher than the level of the heart. Then, Hold the nose for at least five minutes.
7- There are nasal sprays can be used short-term to help with congestion and minor bleeding if you do not have blood pressure that is high, such as Afrin, phenylephrine, Duravent. However, these previous sprays should not be used for more than a few days, as they can make congestion and nosebleeds worse.
8- Simply, Stuffing tissue or cotton into your nose is not recommended.
Stopping the chronic nosebleeds
If anyone has a nosebleed up to four times or more, he should see a healthcare professional determine why this is occurring. Frequent or nosebleeds that are chronic may occur as a result of many factors, including frequent picking or blowing the nose, Chronic allergies as well as lower humidified air. In addition, there are some medications including, aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs, antihistamines, decongestants, or nasal sprays.
The most common persons who get nosebleeds are children between two and 10 years of age, elderly people, pregnant women and people with blood clotting disorders, such as hemophilia
Also, Health conditions that affect normal blood clotting or hereditary Abnormal blood vessels within the nose.
You can treat it by using medicines that are alternative as Ginkgo biloba and vitamin E, which may increase the risk of bleeding.
Finally, see your health-care professional If bleeding cannot be stopped or chronic. Also, when you find the bleeding is rapid, or if blood loss is large or there is trauma to the face, loss of consciousness, or blurry vision.
If bleeding is still persistent, the doctor place packs within the nose, which compress the vessels and stop the bleeding. Doctors place these packs in both relative sides of the nose.
The packs are usually made of a material called “Merocel” which is a sponge-like a gel gauze-wrapped balloon (called a “Rhino Rocket”) used to help compress the area of the nose that is bleeding. The doctor usually leaves them in for several days. This requires an appointment that is follow-up your doctor can remove the packs.
In rare cases, surgical treatment or a procedure is required to stop the bleeding.
Treatment of a nosebleed
1- when having a nosebleed, you can treat yourself at home. Be careful and do not lie down when trying to stop a nosebleed. Lying down can result in swallowing blood and can irritate your stomach.
2- While sitting up, slightly lean forward, and breathe through your mouth. Then, squeeze the part that is sort of nose. Make sure to close your nostrils as well. Keep your nostrils closed for 10 minutes. Then, release your nostrils after 10 minutes and check to see if the bleeding has stopped. Repeat these steps if bleeding continues.
3- You can also use a nasal spray decongestant, such as Afrin, phenylephrine, Duravent, to close off the small blood vessels.
4- if you’re unable to stop a nosebleed on your own, See your doctor. Or there is a foreign body within your nose, the doctor can remove that object.
There are remedies for the treatment of nosebleeds. These remedies such as Polysporin, neomycin/bacitracin/polymyxin (Neosporin ointment), or Vaseline. Also, Saline mist nasal spray is often helpful (Ocean Spray).
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