The technology of scientific computer is the field that studies the construction of mathematical models and numerical techniques used to solve scientific problems.
Its main approach to guarantee to understand through the analysis of mathematical models that are implemented on computers, specializes mainly in social sciences and engineering.
In that case, scientists and engineers make software and computer applications to model the systems that are being studied.
Overview of scientific computer
Generally, these models need a lot of calculation to be studied and almost all are made in supercomputers or distributed computing platform, the fundamental pillar to realize the techniques used in the computational sciences is the numerical analysis.
Among the different applications with which a scientific computer counts, they can be the numerical simulations.
They have diverse objectives almost always depending on the task to be simulated generally the numerical simulations try on reconstructing the unknown events caused by the nature between these would be the tsunamis and earthquakes.
May also be the ones that predict the future and situations not observed, in this case the behavior of subatomic particles, among other applications we can find appropriate models and data analysis and optimization.
Appropriate models and data analysis are about tuning and solving equations to reflect obsessions that are subject to the restrictions of the model. In this case, we can put as an example the geophysical exploration of oil.
Also, the optimization is a numerical simulation. This optimization is carried out in manufacturing processes and interfaces of engineering.
The common programming languages
The common programming languages in mathematical aspects that are more scientific include: FORTRAN, MATLAB, Scilab, GNU Octave, COMSOL Multiphysics and PDL. The most computational aspects are treated with FORTRAN.
Software applications in scientific computing are often subject to changes in real-world conditions such as weather and the movement of the extremes in a galaxy. These programs should be used to create a logical mesh in the memory of a computer.
The term computational scientist is used to describe someone skilled in scientific computation and generally are people with highly cognizant intellectual major to others that specializes in high-performance computing in different ways to advance the state of the art of the respective discipline of physics or chemistry.
These scientists have been impacted more in other areas such as economics, biology, and medicine. Scientific computation is considered as the third mode of complemented science nowadays.
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