Nanotechnology applications in the environment involve the development of materials, energy and clean processes, wastewater treatment, water desalination.
It also involves soil decontamination, waste treatment, substance recycling, nanosensors for the detection of chemical substances harmful or toxic gases.
The applications of nanotechnology in the energy sector relate to the improvement of energy production and storage systems, especially those clean and renewable energies such as solar energy.
It is also based on hydrogen, as well as technologies that help reduce energy consumption through the development of new, more efficient thermal insulation based on nanomaterials.
The applications of Nanotechnology in Medicine are called Nanomedicine, and within it we have the development of nanotransporters of drugs to specific places in the body.
It may be useful in the treatment of Cancer or other diseases, molecular biosensors with the ability to detect any substance of interest as glucose or some biomarker of a disease.
Nanobots are programmed to recognize and destroy tumor cells or to repair some tissue, such as bone tissue following a fracture, nanoparticles with antiseptic and disinfectant properties, etc.
Applications of nanotechnology in the food industry include applications of nanosensors and nanochips useful in assuring the quality and safety of food, devices that function as a nose and electronic language, detection of freshness and shelf life of a food.
Additionally, detection of pathogenic microorganisms, additives, drugs, heavy metals, toxins and other contaminants, development of Nanopots, Nanofoods with nutritious and healthy functional properties, or with better organoleptic properties.
The development of fabrics that repel stains and do not become dirty and are self-cleaning, anti-odor, incorporation of electronic nanochips that give the possibility of a change of color to the fabrics, or the control of the temperature, the latter are within what is called “Intelligent fabrics”.
Nanotechnology applications in electronics include the development of electronic components that can dramatically increase the speed of processing in computers, the creation of semiconductors, quantum nanowires, graphene-based circuits or carbon nanotubes.
Communication and Computer Technologies
The applications of nanotechnology in communication and computing technologies include the development of larger and smaller data storage systems, display devices based on materials with greater flexibility or other properties such as transparency that allow the creation of flexible screens and transparent, as well as the development of quantum computing.
The applications of Nanotechnology in Agriculture are related to improvements in pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, soil improvement, nanosensors in the detection of water levels, Nitrogen, Agrochemicals, etc.
The applications of Nanotechnology in Livestock relate to the development of Nanochips for animal identification, nanoparticles for administering vaccines or drugs, nanosensors for detecting microorganisms and diseases in addition to toxic substances.