The development of Artificial Intelligence and technology of the cognitive processes of the human brain is advancing towards the construction of ever more complex machines.
It equally fulfills a productive process that challenges the human mind brighter in chess, or cooperates with humans in difficult jobs that would take longer if it were not for their innovation.
Thanks to the computer advances of the last fifty years, humanity is at the beginning of an era where its creative genius will be able to develop elaborate computers that not only fulfill specific functions, but also be able to perform complex cognitive functions that until now only are possible in humans.
They will be able to, for example, learning, recognition of other people, elaborate humor and the jewel on which humanity stands above other animals, consciousness.
The 4 Most Popular Types of Artificial Intelligence
It is the type of primitive Artificial Intelligence and the most experienced by those who develop this technology. Reactive machines are the closest concept to the idea of a robot implanted in the collective idea: a complex machine capable of efficiently fulfilling a specific task.
The intelligence of these computers lies in their capacity to perceive the world directly and to act in the present in a constant and systematic way, just as it condemns them to their main weakness.
Robots possessing that kind of Artificial Intelligence retain millions of data for a limited time they occupy to make better decisions. They interact partially with reality and differ from reactive machines in that they use that data to function properly with respect to the environment.
Although they understand the universe for which they are programmed as a complex whole, their memory is short-term and does not store experiences to “learn” from them, as occurs in the human cognitive process.
Machines capable of understanding the theory of the mind
For psychology, the mind is the level of consciousness necessary to perceive the existence of the other and at the same time to conceive it as alien and to know that it has its own thoughts and intentions.
This type of Artificial Intelligence will mark the definitive step towards the construction of robots and other animate beings with the ability to evaluate a person, animal or thing in a complex environment for which it is programmed.
Machines with self-awareness
Consciousness is an inherent characteristic of humans and possibly the only developed element that differentiates it from other animals and living things.
It is a construction of the mind, a product of the reflection of reality in each individual that assumes its existence and understands that it is about itself while recognizing the rest of phenomena and individuals of the same species as others, with thoughts and
intentions which may be different from what you have in mind.
Today’s technology still looks from a distance for the development of an artificial consciousness. The scientific advances of the present and the knowledge of the human brain are insufficient to create a machine that imitates the cognitive process of a man, the appropriation of consciousness of the same and its surroundings.
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