It is a must to find an effective treatment for Alzheimer’s disease since there are many people suffering from it. Furthermore, statistics say that by 2050 the number of patients will be double than what is today.
Recently, scientists do their best to understand and treat this disease and they are so close to find the treatment.
So, here are the 7 recent Alzheimer’s discoveries which made scientists close to find the treatment in the future.
1. They nearly know the structure of the tau proteins
Scientists found that there is always a specific protein” called tau protein “in the brain cells of people who suffered from Alzheimer’s.
Through scanning the brains of these patients, scientists finally knew the structure of this protein. However, there will be studies to know more about this tau protein.
2. Alzheimer’s patients lose parts of their memories, but not all
The patients experience a partial loss of memories, including life events and loved persons. Now, we realized that these memories are not erased and the patients can remember them again when using an effective treatment.
Recently, researchers did a study on mice and used light therapy to repair the connections in the brain and retain their memories. Also, brain implants may be a possible solution for Alzheimer’s patients.
3. Bacteria play a role in Alzheimer’s development
When examining the brains of Alzheimer’s patients, they found more bacteria within the brain cells than healthy ones. They think that these bacteria play a role in inflammation response which in turn increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.
As in intestinal (gut) bacteria, they trigger neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease to some extent.
So, they expect to have the ability to prevent these conditions in the near future.
4. The future treatment: Ultrasound and immunotherapy
One of the things that make it difficult to treat Alzheimer’s disease, is the brain protecting its contents well. So, reaching the affected area is so difficult because it should cross the blood-brain barrier which is a formidable barrier.
In the past, scientists used the ultrasound waves to make this barrier more permeable to substances so that the antibodies can cross this brain.
Recently, they found another effective way to make antibodies cross the blood-brain barrier and fight amyloid plaques which are thought to cause Alzheimer’s disease.
So far, it works only in mice and they hope to apply it to humans in the near future.
5. A drug used to treat type 2 diabetes could be effective in treating Alzheimer’s disease
Scientists found that the drug used to treat type 2 diabetes is also effective in case of Alzheimer’s disease. However, you may think that the 2 conditions are completely different.
They discovered that this drug affects also specific receptors in the brain cells. These receptors seem to stimulate the neurons so that it could prevent any more damage to the brain cells.
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