Schizophrenia is a mental disorder accompanied by abnormal behavior. The patient suffers from failure to understand reality.
Also, is accompanied by low social engagement and emotional disturbance. The symptoms start to appear gradually, then it becomes complicated when it is not treated at the first stage. It has many types as follows.
1- Catatonic schizophrenia
In this type, the patient experience behavior disorders, including catatonia (abnormal movements and behaviors caused by disturbance of his mental state).
Many patients suffer from echolalia and echopraxia (imitates sounds and movements), and also, they may undergo a state of excitement and activity characterized by purposeless and repeated movements.
This catatonic type is subdivided into two types:
• Catatonic stupor:
A state of dramatic reduction in the person’s activity that his movements may stop completely. He may experience waxy flexibility in which he places in a certain place and stay for a long time without moving at all.
• Catatonic excitement:
Unlike the first type, the patient experiences a state of stereotypic behavior and hyperactivity. The stereotypical behavior means hyperactivity with purposeless actions. The echolalia and echopraxia are very common in this type.
Actually, this type, catatonia, is rare.
2- Disorganized schizophrenia
It is characterized by disorganized behavior and speech resulting from confused thinking. The patient’s ability of thinking is significantly affected.
The disturbed thinking causes many problems, including disturbance in communication.
The disorganized behavior is very obvious in this case, even the patient may jump from one side to another during a conversation or wear heavy clothes on a hot day.
3- Paranoid schizophrenia
It is the most common type of Schizophrenia and may be the worst. The patient always experiences auditory hallucinations. However, the cognitive functions of his ear remain intact.
Sadly, this type often diagnosed late because the patient looks normal until he/ she entangled in an argument or experience a stressful situation.
4- Residual schizophrenia
This type is characterized by not having any prominent psychotic symptoms. It only refers to persons who had a Schizophrenia before.
They experience some of remaining symptoms of the previous Schizophrenia, such as disorganized behavior, disturbance in thinking, and social problems. Thankfully, these symptoms appear less frequently.
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