Hemorrhoids are one of the most common pathologies in Western society, affecting men as well as women.
It is estimated that about 50% to 75% of the population develops hemorrhoidal disease during their lifetime, and it is possible that this percentage is higher considering that many people suffer from it in silence.
Hemorrhoids are veins that meet the anus or rectum. when these veins dilate, they become varicosities. According to their location they can be classified into two types; internal and external.
Types of hemorrhoids
• Internal hemorrhoids:
They occur inside the anus, that is, where the rectum starts.
• External hemorrhoids:
They occur at the anal opening and can be externalized outside the anus in the form of protuberances.
Causes of hemorrhoids
The main cause of the formation of this disease is the effort that is made when defecating. Therefore, people who suffer from constipation are more likely to suffer from the disease because they perform more force to expel bowel movements.
Although it is true, the main cause of hemorrhoids is the one I mentioned earlier, there are others that are also relevant and that undoubtedly favor the appearance of this pathology.
• Sitting for long periods of time.
• Injuries caused by the penetration of objects in the anus.
On the other hand, a diet high in fat and poor in fiber also contributes to the fact that the stools are of hard consistency and, therefore, more effort will have to be exerted for the expulsion.
During pregnancy and after delivery, hemorrhoids can appear, thanks to the pressure exerted by the fetus at birth on the ano-rectal area. As a result of that pressure, the bulging and expansion of the veins can originate.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids
The most characteristic of hemorrhoids is the palpation of the anus, which can even be diminished manually by the person, you only have to press gently with your finger on them and that way they will diminish.
Burning or itching in the anal area
Anal pain may be felt, especially during defecation or while sitting.
Bright red blood may appear on toilet paper as in the stool or toilet bowl.
Treatments to cure tools
Ointments that contain corticosteroids can help reduce the pain and inflammation of hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoidal creams that have lidocaine (a local anesthetic) will help you to eliminate pain and burning, although its use should be limited (it should not be used more than 5 or 7 days) because they can sensitize the area even more and generate more bleeding.
Sitz baths in warm water can help relieve symptoms of itching or burning, it is suggested to be between 10 to 15 minutes.
To avoid constipation, you can follow a series of healthy habits in your life: increase the amount of fiber in your meals (stop for fresh fruits, vegetables, cereals, bread, etc.), drink fluids frequently, try to avoid alcohol and make Exercise frequently.
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